Preparatory Stage Activities

Flash cards

Flash cards are teaching learning tools with small amounts of information as words or numbers for better understanding of subject concepts. They are the most effective way for motivating and engaging the learners. They help to study and retain the factual knowledge. Flash cards can be bright and colourful and make a real impact on visual learners.


The advantages of using Flash Cards

They are cost effective and portable

They make teaching and learning easy

They facilitate interactive learning at all level across all subjects

They help with memory skills, Mathematical skills, advanced discussion work, brain storming and brain writing (quick generation of ideas by encouraging students to write them down) , speaking and listening skills.


An effective way of making flash cards will include:

Deciding on the size (dimension) and material of the flash card

Mixing pictures and words for better retention and creativity

Identifying topics for flash cards

Writing  only limited information / concept / questions

Breaking concepts into sub concepts

It is important not make the flash cards verbose


Process of flash cards preparation for teachers:

Topics for extended learning are identified

Training for preparing flash cards on related topics is conducted for teachers. Master cards, samples and formats are used for training

After completion of training, campus wise topics are assigned to teachers  for making flash cards.  Timelines for task completion are specified

Cards are prepared class wise for all classes

Card size, colour and codes are specified for each class

Flash cards exhibitions and competitions are conducted


Process of flash cards preparation for students:

Students are grouped into  4-5 per group

Different topics are assigned to each group

Students prepare  cards based on the topic and  sample given to each group

Every students in turn make individual cards for their use


Reading Comprehension Assessment (RCA)

Reading Comprehension Assessment is the measuring of the reading skill of a learner

A learner needs to develop reading skills with comprehension

Reading comprehension refers to a learner’s ability to not only read but also to comprehend the text that is read

Reading Comprehension Assessment helps a teacher to record mistakes of a learner while reading and analyze them to determine further instructions to be provided

Reading Comprehension Assessment is the most common reading assessment that involves asking a learner to read an unseen text /passage that is of the learner’s level and then asking questions about the content of the text

The learner can also be asked inferential questions about the facts presented in the text

The learner should be able to answer about information implied in the given text

The learner’s comprehension ability can be tested by asking the learners to retell the story or summarize the text in his / her own words

The learner has comprehended the text well if he / she is able to tell the main idea of the text

Comprehension can also be tested by giving the learner a text with missing words

If the learner is able to fill in the missing words with appropriate words then the learner has comprehended the given text.

Reading Comprehension Assessment is most accurate if the learner is not reading for the audience; when reading a text aloud the learner normally concentrates on reading accuracy and may not display attention for comprehension

Identifying a learner’s early literacy concepts can help in predicting future reading achievements

The reading concepts include knowledge of letters, phonemic awareness, vocabulary, decoding, fluency and comprehension


Vocabulary Building Blocks (VBB)

The VBB is a signature product for use in schools for learning subject related key words and to support the work place communication needs of different economic sector skills vocabulary.   VBB is a tool to develop a wide range of vocabulary for use in various fields. English 10,000 is a list of VBB words developed contextually keeping in mind the requirements of different class levels. These are words that are most often used in a particular context. The difficulty levels increase with each class.

In introducing these words, the stages of learning should be rational, interspersed with easy and hard words. Hence, the format of this programme has been so designed that words that are appropriate to each level / standard / class have been put together to create their respective contextual words. Appropriate contextual words in respect of the situation will enhance the potential of concluding learning efficiently and effectively. Testing should be rigorous. To start with, it will be a simple re-call based on various contexts. Later it will be in the forms of worksheets,  using the words in sentences, word builders and so on. Once the learners are comfortable with the usage of the words, the testing must move on to essay writing, story writing, poetry writing, elocution, debates and so on to improve the fluency, accuracy and pronunciation of these words.

Learners learn words mostly by rote learning.  Student can learn best through context. Human mind naturally seeks meaning in context that is relation to the environment. In such an environment students discover meaningful relationship between abstract ideas and practical applications in the context of the real world. Through contextual learning concepts are internalised through the process of discovery, reinforcing and relating leading to desired learning outcomes. Building vocabulary is more effective through contextual approach as opposed to alphabetical order.

Co Curricular Activities (CCA) in Lotus National School

Co-curricular refers to activities, programs and learning experiences that complement what students are learning in school. They include a wide range of skill-based games, strategies and interactive activities that support students’ all round development. The goal of co-curricular activities is to enhance students understanding, skill of effectiveness in a specific area by engaging multiple styles of learning.


CCA  have several benefits for students:

They allow students to explore strengths and talents outside of academics

Students develop effective time management and organisational skills

CCA provide students with the opportunity to build friendships and participate in group activities

They help to build confidence and self-esteem

They facilitate in developing skills that are not necessarily taught in the classroom but are still important for the future

Co-Curricular Activities in Lotus National School

Every Wednesday house wise activities are conducted which includes indoor and outdoor activities.

Students are categorised into five groups

        Pre-juniors      –  classes I and II

        Sub-juniors     –  classes III and IV

        Juniors            –  classes V and VI

        Sub seniors     –  classes VII and VIII

        Seniors            –  classes IX and X 

The activities are allotted to the students by CCA in-charge, according to the category

House wise competitions are conducted for all the categories

Based on the performance of the students, House Masters decide on the best performer for respective houses

On sports day / annual day, the best performers are awarded with medals and certificates of appreciation.

The CCA session for the Academic Year ends with the announcement of Best House for all activities

Parent Teacher Relationship in Lotus National School
Developing a healthy parent teacher relationship is a great way to influence a child’s performance in school.
The support of both teacher and students are vital for the holistic and long term development of a child.
Students with involved parents fare better in all aspects of life by exhibiting better social skills and behavior
Schools must keep the communication open with the parents.
This is important because the manner in which the school communicates with the parents affects the quality of student learning.
For example schools that communicate only the bad news about the student performance more often than recognizing student excellence will discourage the parents. involvement in the school.
This makes parents feel that they cannot effectively help their children.
Involvement of parents in the day to day activities of the school benefits parents by getting ideas from school on how to help and support their children to raise their wards’ academic achievements
Parents need to see beyond the test scores and work together with educators to understand their children’s unique strengths, interests and talents as learning patterns emerge.
Parent teacher meetings help teachers understand the child’s home environment and needs so that the approach towards the child can be adjusted for empathy.
Lotus National School establishes two way communications between parents and teachers through emails, SMS, school website, phone calls, annual school calendar etc
LNS conducts regular parent teacher meeting, parent education programs,
social events like Matrudevobava etc to establish a positive relationship with the parents and to establish a good working relationship between school and home

Importance of Morning Assembly in LNS
Morning assembly is the most serene feature of a school,
where students learn the value of collective prayer and are exposed to the need for inculcating moral and ethical values.
Assemblies are conducted with the active participation of the students and teachers.
At LNS, one House takes the responsibility of conducting the morning assembly every week.
• It helps to begin each day well by invoking the blessings of God
• The Pledge reminds all students of the purpose for attending school
• Thought for the day raises awareness for moral values
• Reading out the news headlines instills confidence in the child and also creates awareness towards the need of reading newspapers for current affairs
• The morning assembly is an appropriate forum to make common announcements, if any
• Every Wednesday Mass PT /Yoga is conducted
• National and religious festivals are celebrated
• National Anthem is sung for instilling the spirit of being an Indian

Unique Features of Morning Assembly in LNS:
• Eminent guest speakers are invited to inform and motivate students
• After listening to the guest speakers on special themes and different occasions, students are asked to give a write-up on what they have heard, understood and learnt
• The Head of Campus or campus-in-charge make a daily assessment of the morning assembly
• Points earned by each house for the week are averaged and the position is declared after every round of the Morning Assembly involving all the four houses

Classroom Display – CRD
Classroom Display is one of the important aspects of Classroom Teaching and Learning Management.
A classroom filled with student work sends a message to the students that their work and learning are very important. It gives students a sense of ownership.
A well displayed classroom stimulates the environment, which has a large impact on students learning. Effective classroom displays engage students and promotes active learning making students more receptive.
Good classroom display has several advantages for the learner
• It makes the classroom colorful, bright and stimulating
• It has direct impact on student motivation and learning
• It help enrich or reinforce what is being taught
• Displays help student memorize tables, formulae, spellings and other important factual information
• CRD helps ‘set the scene’ for introducing a new topic through colourful pictures
• It forms a basis for displaying students work such as a Report, Record of work undertaken etc.
• It can provide something extra for the students to do for example ‘A puzzle of the day’
• CRD promotes class management like routines, responsibilities, tasks, rules, time table etc
• It helps display class progress, topic covered, students award such as gold star etc
• CRD help all school stake holder understand what goes on in the classroom.

While planning a classroom display certain consideration to govern the selection of topics and materials for display has to be kept in mind
• Selected topics should be relevant to the class level
• They should capture student interest
• The topics should relate to student previous knowledge and work
• They should facilitate integrated learning system
• The topics selected should reinforce student learning and focus on current learning

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